Combination pediatric vaccines

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and inactivated polio vaccines – DTaP-IPV.
  • Diphtheria- is a bacterial infection by Corynebacterium diphtheria. Diphtheria toxoid vaccine is formulated with tetanus and pertussis.
  • Pertussis or whooping cough is also caused by a bacteria Bordetella pertussis. The main aim of vaccination is to prevent severe pertussis in infants.

A child with whooping cough

270px-Whooping_Cough

 

 

 

 

  • Tetanus toxoid vaccine is given against a bacteria Clostridium tetani. The exotoxin produced by this bacteria causes generalized rigidity and convulsive spasms of skeletal muscles called lockjaw.
  • Polio is a virus that causes flaccid paralysis and death occurs when it involves respiratory muscles and the child cannot breath.
  • 4 doses of vaccines given at 2nd, 3rd , 5th and 18th months