Combination pediatric vaccines
- Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and inactivated polio vaccines – DTaP-IPV.
- Diphtheria- is a bacterial infection by Corynebacterium diphtheria. Diphtheria toxoid vaccine is formulated with tetanus and pertussis.
- Pertussis or whooping cough is also caused by a bacteria Bordetella pertussis. The main aim of vaccination is to prevent severe pertussis in infants.
A child with whooping cough
- Tetanus toxoid vaccine is given against a bacteria Clostridium tetani. The exotoxin produced by this bacteria causes generalized rigidity and convulsive spasms of skeletal muscles called lockjaw.
- Polio is a virus that causes flaccid paralysis and death occurs when it involves respiratory muscles and the child cannot breath.
- 4 doses of vaccines given at 2nd, 3rd , 5th and 18th months